A pair of Jovian Trojans at the L4 Lagrange point

Holt, Timothy R. and Vokrouhlicky, David and Nesvorny, David and Broz, Miroslav and Horner, Jonathan (2020) A pair of Jovian Trojans at the L4 Lagrange point. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 499 (3). pp. 3630-3649. ISSN 0035-8711


Abstract

Asteroid pairs, two objects that are not gravitationally bound to one another, but share a common origin, have been discovered in the Main belt and Hungaria populations. Such pairs are of major interest, as the study of their evolution under a variety of dynamical influences can indicate the time since the pair was created. To date, no asteroid pairs have been found in the Jovian Trojans, despite the presence of several binaries and collisional families in the population. The search for pairs in the Jovian Trojan population is of particular interest, given the importance of the Trojans as tracers of planetary migration during the Solar system's youth. Here we report a discovery of the first pair, (258656) 2002 ES<SUB>76</SUB> and 2013 CC<SUB>41</SUB>, in the Jovian Trojans. The two objects are approximately the same size and are located very close to the L4 Lagrange point. Using numerical integrations, we find that the pair is at least 360 Myr old, though its age could be as high as several Gyrs. The existence of the (258656) 2002 ES<SUB>76</SUB>-2013 CC<SUB>41</SUB> pair implies there could be many such pairs scattered through the Trojan population. Our preferred formation mechanism for the newly discovered pair is through the dissociation of an ancient binary system, triggered by a sub-catastrophic impact, but we can not rule out rotation fission of a single object driven by YORP torques. A by-product of our work is an up-to-date catalogue of Jovian Trojan proper elements, which we have made available for further studies.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 00:40
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2021 05:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: minor planets; asteroids: general; methods: numerical; Astrophysics -; Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Fields of Research (2020): 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5101 Astronomical sciences > 510109 Stellar astronomy and planetary systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280120 Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3064
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40613

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