A gentle acid-wash and pre-coating treatment of coral aggregate to manufacture high-strength geopolymer concrete

Wang, Aiguo and Lyu, Bangcheng and Zhu, Yingcan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4087-0169 and Liu, Kaiwei and Guo, Liping and Sun, Daosheng (2021) A gentle acid-wash and pre-coating treatment of coral aggregate to manufacture high-strength geopolymer concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 274:121780. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0950-0618


Abstract

The coral reef fractures could be potentially used as aggregates for marine infrastructure construction, providing an alternative option to the high-cost gravel and sand aggregates. Coral aggregates are rough, porous and of low strength, which have a weak layer of minerals and microorganisms on the surface and a proportion of quartz inside pores. In the present study, using low concentration of acetic acid to pretreat coral aggregate was proposed to enhance the interface binding. When Portland cement was used as binder, the flexural and compressive strengths of cleaned coral aggregate concrete increased by 22.5% and 7.3%, respectively. Furthermore, the coral aggregate geopolymer concrete (CAGC) was prepared, given geopolymer acts as a strong binding and low porosity matrix, which is a promising material for the marine environment. To manufacture high-strength CAGC, a combined treatment method by gentle acid-wash cleaning and pre-coating of coral aggregate was proposed. The results showed that the mass loss rate of coral aggregate increased with the increase of acetic acid concentration and soaking time; the release of CO2 gas was helpful to remove the embedded sediment particles from the coral aggregates. Excessive acetic acid concentration and prolonged soaking time have adverse effects on the mechanical properties of CAGC, which was attributed to the corrosion of the internal skeleton of coral aggregate and the increase of connected pores. By using the gentle acid-wash and pre-coating method, a high-strength CAGC with compressive strength up to 60 MPa at 28-day was successfully manufactured, meeting the mechanical requirements of the most offshore construction requirements.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2021 22:37
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 01:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coral aggregate, Surface treatment, Acetic acid, Geopolymer, Pre-coating
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400505 Construction materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870301 Cement and Concrete Materials
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 12 CONSTRUCTION > 1203 Construction materials performance and processes > 120301 Cement and concrete materials
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121780
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40539

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