Working conditions and occupational stress among nurses in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional pilot study

Islam, Md Irteja and Alam, Kh Md Watin and Keramat, Syed Afroz and Murshid, Munzur E. and Haque, Rezwanul and Kabir, Enamul and Khanam, Rasheda ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1130-2357 and Khan, Manjurul Haque (2021) Working conditions and occupational stress among nurses in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional pilot study. Journal of Public Health. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2198-1833


Abstract

Background
Occupational stress is common among nurses and is thought to be one of the key factors for the global shortages of nurses. To the best of our knowledge, no study has been done to assess occupational stress among Bangladeshi nurses. This study aimed to investigate the association of sociodemographic characteristics and occupational characteristics with stress experienced by nurses working in a specialized hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Methods
A cross-sectional study design was employed involving 155 nurses working in the National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD). Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire with the Bengali version of the Occupational Stress Index (OSI). Both univariate (Student t-test or ANOVA) and multivariate analyses (linear regression) were performed to identify the sociodemographic and work-related factors associated with occupational stress.

Results
The average score on the OSI was 147.1 – moderate level of occupational stress among nurses. The OSI score was higher in males (150.25) than in females (143.94). Nurses who were aged >40 years, and single, had nursing experience between 10 and 20 years and were considering promotion tended to suffer more stress than their peers. Findings from linear regression showed that the OSI score was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with the work conditions: role overload, role ambiguity, role conflict, responsibility, support from colleagues and rational coping.

Conclusion
The findings indicated the importance of occupational characteristics in relation to occupational stress among nurses. Further results of this study can be utilized by researchers and policymakers to guide preventative measures to reduce occupational stress among nurses.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2021 00:29
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2021 04:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: Working conditions; Occupational stress; Nurses; Bangladesh
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420699 Public health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01415-8
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40479

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