Drowning and aquatic injuries dictionary

Szpilman, David and Palacios Aguilar, Jose and Queiroga, Ana Catarina and Barcala-Furelos, Roberto and Baker, Shayne and Dunne, Cody and Peden, Amy E. and Brander, Rob and Claesson, Andreas and Avramidis, Stathis and Leavy, Justine and Linnea Luckhaus, Jamie and Manino, Leonardo A. and Marques, Olga and Nyitrai, Nina Joy and Pascual-Gomez, Luis-Miguel and Springer, Leonardo and Stanley, Teresa Jane and Venema, Allart M. (2021) Drowning and aquatic injuries dictionary. Resuscitation Plus, 5:100072. pp. 1-6. ISSN 2666-5204

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Abstract

Background
Drowning is a significant public health issue with more than 320,000 deaths globally every year. These numbers are greatly underestimated, however, due to factors such as inadequate data collection, inconsistent categorization and failure to report in certain regions and cultures.

The objective of this study was to develop a standardised drowning dictionary using a consensus-based approach. Through creation of this resource, improved clarity amongst stakeholders will be achieved and, as a result, so will our understanding of the drowning issue.

Methodology
A list of terms and their definitions were created and sent to 16 drowning experts with a broad range of backgrounds across four continents and six languages. A review was conducted using a modified Delphi process over five rounds. A sixth round was done by an external panel evaluating the terms’ content validity.

Results
The drowning dictionary included more than 350 terms. Of these, less than 10% had been previously published in peer review literature. On average, the external expert validity endorsing the dictionary shows a Scale Content Validity index (S-CVI/Ave) of 0.91, exceeding the scientific recommended value. Ninety one percent of the items present an I-CVI (Level Content Validity Index) value considered acceptable (> 0.78). The endorsement was not a universal agreement (S-CVI/UA:0.44).

Conclusion
The drowning dictionary provides a common language, and the authors envisage that its use will facilitate collaboration and comparison across prevention sectors, education, research, policy and treatment. The dictionary will be open to readers for discussion and further review at www.idra.world.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Education (1 Jul 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Education (1 Jul 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2021 23:52
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2021 23:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: drowning, dictionary, prevention, definition, terminology
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
13 Education > 1399 Other Education > 139999 Education not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 39 EDUCATION > 3999 Other Education > 399999 Other education not elsewhere classified
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4299 Other health sciences > 429999 Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2099 Other health > 209999 Other health not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2020.100072
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40425

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