Electronic Sun Journal Versus Self-report Sun Diary: A Comparison of Recording Personal Sunlight Exposure Methods

Dexter, Benjamin R. and King, Rachel ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3302-0919 and Parisi, Alfio V. and Harrison, Simone L. and Igoe, Damien P. and Downs, Nathan J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3191-6404 (2020) Electronic Sun Journal Versus Self-report Sun Diary: A Comparison of Recording Personal Sunlight Exposure Methods. Photochemistry and Photobiology. pp. 1-9. ISSN 0031-8655

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Abstract

This research compared personal sunlight exposure times monitored electronically within suburban Australian environments against self-report paper journals for determining the timing and total duration of individual exposure to daily solar radiation. A total of 90 Electronic Sun Journal (ESJ) daily readings and self-report timing and duration estimates of exposure for weekend and weekdays were compared. A Wilcoxon ranked sign test showed a significant difference (V = 157, p < 0.001) between the duration of exposure recorded electronically and the duration of exposure that was self-reported in a diary. There was also found to be a statistically significant difference between total exposure time measured using both methods for weekends (V = 10, p < 0.001) and weekdays (V = 87, p < 0.001). General trends in outdoor exposure timing confirmed that the most frequent daily exposures received over the weekend occurred between one and two hours earlier than the most frequent exposures received on weekdays. This preliminary research found that exposure durations as recorded by the ESJ were longer on the weekends compared to weekdays (W = 402, p < 0.001) and confirmed that the ESJ is a viable alternative to self-reporting diaries.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sep 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 05:28
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2021 04:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: ESJ, Sunlight, dosimeter
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420201 Behavioural epidemiology
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920405 Environmental Health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200407 Health status (incl. wellbeing)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/php.13359
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40401

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