Interaction between the place of residence and wealth on the risk of overweight and obesity in Bangladeshi women

Ahmad, Kabir ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0208-5725 and Khanam, Taslima and Keramat, Sayed Afroz and Islam, Md. Irteja and Kabir, Enamul and Khanam, Rasheda ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1130-2357 (2020) Interaction between the place of residence and wealth on the risk of overweight and obesity in Bangladeshi women. PLoS One, 15 (12):e0243349. pp. 1-15.

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Abstract

Background
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in women has increased significantly over the last few decades in Bangladesh, a rapidly urbanising developing country. However, little is known regarding the association between the interaction of the place of residence and household wealth with overweight and obesity, particularly in women from developing countries.

Objective
The objective of this study is to find the association between the interaction of the place of residence and wealth with overweight and obesity among Bangladeshi women.

Methods
This study utilised data from the four Bangladesh Demographic Health Surveys conducted in 2004, 2007, 2011 and 2014 with a total of 54337 women aged 15–49 years. Multivariate logistic regression was used for the analyses.

Results
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among women aged 15–49 years in Bangladesh has considerably increased from 9.96% in 2004 to 24.43% in 2014. The interaction between wealth and place of residence has been found to be associated with obesity. Urban wealthy and richest women were 4.23 (OR: 4.23, 95% CI: 1.25–14.34) and 5.99 (OR: 5.99, 95% CI: 1.91–18.74) times more likely to be obese compared to their rural counterparts in the period 2004. Urban richest were 2.94 times (OR: 2.94, 95% CI: 1.20–7.24) more likely to be obese against their rural counterparts for the survey year 2014.

Conclusions
The place of residence is not associated with obesity, but its interaction with wealth is significant.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright: ©2020 Ahmad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproductionin any medium,provided the original author and source are credited.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 23:39
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2021 02:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: wealth; place of residence; overweight; obesity; Bangladeshi women; interaction effect
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4206 Public health > 420606 Social determinants of health
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243349
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40399

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