Evaluation of policy scenarios for water resources planning and management in an arid region

Mohamed, Mohamed M. and El-Shorbagy, Walid and Kizhisseri, Mohamed I. and Chowdhury, Rezaul and McDonald, Adrian (2020) Evaluation of policy scenarios for water resources planning and management in an arid region. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 32:100758. pp. 1-17.

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Abstract

Study region
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Study focus
Water demand in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (EAD) has increased significantly over the last few decades. Hence, a main challenge for the EAD water policy makers is to develop long-term resilient water resources strategies. This study evaluates future water supply-demand condition in the EAD and identifies water management strategies that support a sustainable future. A dynamic water budget modelling framework is used to evaluate future water demand as affected by population growth, economic growth, proposed water related policies, consumption patterns, and climate change. The Abu Dhabi Dynamic Water Budget Model (ADWBM) is used to construct future water scenarios and assess the status of the EAD water system until 2050 in terms of water supply-demand balance. This study presents four suites of water scenarios, namely: Business as Usual (BAU), Policy First (PF), Sustainability by Conservation (SC), and Rainfall Enhanced Sustainability (RES) scenarios.

New hydrological insights
Simulation results indicate that both SC and RES scenarios achieved balanced water budget without any shortage throughout the entire period until 2050. The RES scenario is recommended for adoption because of the reasonable and achievable proposed consumption reductions needed in the different demand sectors. The obtained results should be valuable for devising appropriate strategies to prevent potential future water shortages in the Emirate.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 01:24
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 22:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: scenario analysis; sustainability; water policy; water conservation; water resources management
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960913 Water Allocation and Quantification
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1902 Environmental policy, legislation and standards > 190211 Water policy (incl. water allocation)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2020.100758
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40185

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