Key steps in environmental impact assessment: a comparative study of China, Queensland State of Australia and Nepal

Aryal, Suman and Maraseni, Tek and Qu, Jiansheng and Bruyn, Lisa Lobry de and Dhakal, Yub Raj and Zeng, Jingjing (2020) Key steps in environmental impact assessment: a comparative study of China, Queensland State of Australia and Nepal. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192:139. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0167-6369


Abstract

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) has evolved as an environmental management and sustainability tool. Despite common principles shared by EIA globally, there are considerable variations in EIA processes across countries. In this paper, we reviewed and compared EIA processes of China, Queensland State of Australia and Nepal considering five key steps (selection of consultants, report preparation, public participation, report review and approval, and monitoring and evaluations) of EIA. Our review indicated that the EIA is well recognised in legal instruments in all state and countries under consideration and there are both similarities and differences in key steps of EIA. Monitoring of EIA recommendations and the integration of feedbacks from the past and current practices are important in improving EIA processes. This study also found that there are elements for possible improvement in existing EIA processes by each state and country introducing the best practices from others’ EIA system. Some of the practices that Nepal can follow from the EIA processes of Queensland and China are licensing and accreditation of individuals and firms to conduct EIA, establishment of separate monitoring unit within regulating department, development of clear guidelines for approvals and monitoring, and the use of independent third-party auditing in EIA monitoring. The findings of this paper are useful in revising and improving EIA policies, practices and processes in the selected state, countries and elsewhere.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 01:45
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 23:24
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia; China; Environmental impact assessment (EIA); Queensland; Nepal
Fields of Research (2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
Fields of Research (2020): 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3799 Other earth sciences > 379999 Other earth sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1899 Other environmental management > 189999 Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8098-4
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40114

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