Empathy Measurement in Autistic and Nonautistic Adults: A COSMIN Systematic Literature Review

Harrison, Jessica L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7888-7906 and Brownlow, Charlotte L. and Ireland, Michael J. and Piovesana, Adina M. (2020) Empathy Measurement in Autistic and Nonautistic Adults: A COSMIN Systematic Literature Review. Assessment. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1073-1911

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Abstract

Empathy is essential for social functioning and is relevant to a host of clinical conditions. This COSMIN review evaluated the empirical support for empathy self-report measures used with autistic and non-autistic adults. Given autism is characterized by social differences, it is the subject of a substantial proportion of empathy research. Therefore, this review uses autism as a lens through which to scrutinize the psychometric quality of empathy measures. Of the 19 measures identified, five demonstrated ‘High Quality’ evidence for ‘Insufficient’ properties and cannot be recommended. The remaining 14 had noteworthy gaps in evidence and require further evaluation before use with either group. Without tests of measurement invariance or differential item functioning, the extent to which observed group differences represent actual trait differences remains unknown. Using autism as a test case highlights an alarming tendency for empathy measures to be used to characterize, and potentially malign vulnerable populations before sufficient validation.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2020 05:40
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2020 00:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: autism, empathy, empathy quotient, empathy measurement, self-report, COSMIN, validity
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5299 Other psychology > 529999 Other psychology not elsewhere classified
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520105 Psychological methodology, design and analysis
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191120964564
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/40024

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