A Global Fireball Observatory

Devillepoix, H. A. R. and Cupak, M. and Bland, P. A. and Sansom, E. K. and Towner, M. C. and Howie, R. M. and Hartig, B. A. D. and Jansen-Sturgeon, T. and Shober, P. M. and Anderson, S. L. and Benedix, G. K. and Busan, D. and Sayers, R. and Jenniskens, P. and Albers, J. and Herd, C. D. K. and Hill, P. J. A. and Brown, P. G. and Krzeminski, Z. and Osinski, G. R. and Aoudjehane, H. Chennaoui and Benkhaldoun, Z. and Jabiri, A. and Guennoun, M. and Barka, A. and Darhmaoui, H. and Daly, L. and Collins, G. S. and McMullan, S. and Suttle, M. D. and Ireland, T. and Bonning, G. and Baeza, L. and Alrefay, T. Y. and Horner, J. and Swindle, T. D. and Hergenrother, C. W. and Fries, M. D. and Tomkins, A. and Langendam, A. and Rushmer, T. and O'Neill, C. and Janches, D. and Hormaechea, J. L. and Shaw, C. and Young, J. S. and Alexander, M. and Mardon, A. D. and Tate, J. R. (2020) A Global Fireball Observatory. Planetary and Space Science, 191:105036. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0032-0633


The world's meteorite collections contain a very rich picture of what the early Solar System would have been made of, however the lack of spatial context with respect to their parent population for these samples is an issue. The asteroid population is equally as rich in surface mineralogies, and mapping these two populations (meteorites and asteroids) together is a major challenge for planetary science. Directly probing asteroids achieves this at a high cost. Observing meteorite falls and calculating their pre-atmospheric orbit on the other hand, is a cheaper way to approach the problem. The Global Fireball Observatory (GFO) collaboration was established in 2017 and brings together multiple institutions (from Australia, USA, Canada, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, the UK, and Argentina) to maximise the area for fireball observation time and therefore meteorite recoveries. The members have a choice to operate independently, but they can also choose to work in a fully collaborative manner with other GFO partners. This efficient approach leverages the experience gained from the Desert Fireball Network (DFN) pathfinder project in Australia. The state-of-the art technology (DFN camera systems and data reduction) and experience of the support teams is shared between all partners, freeing up time for science investigations and meteorite searching. With all networks combined together, the GFO collaboration already covers 0.6% of the Earth's surface for meteorite recovery as of mid-2019, and aims to reach 2% in the early 2020s. We estimate that after 5 years of operation, the GFO will have observed a fireball from virtually every meteorite type. This combined effort will bring new, fresh, extra-terrestrial material to the labs, yielding new insights about the formation of the Solar System.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2020 06:55
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 05:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: Meteoroids; Meteors; Asteroids: general; Astrophysics - Earth and; Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for; Astrophysics
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020108 Planetary Science (excl. Extraterrestrial Geology)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2020.105036
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39883

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