Effects of economic growth, foreign direct investment and internet use on child health outcomes: empirical evidence from South Africa

Salahuddin, Mohammad and Vink, Nick and Ralph, Nicholas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7404-9996 and Gow, Jeff (2020) Effects of economic growth, foreign direct investment and internet use on child health outcomes: empirical evidence from South Africa. Development Studies Research, 7 (1). pp. 1-17.

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Abstract

This study examines the effects of economic growth and foreign direct investment (FDI) on child health outcomes measured by Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Child Mortality Rate Under 5 (CMRU5) with several control variables such as corruption, inequality and HIV among others. It analyzes South Africa's annual time series data for the period 1985–2016. As variables were found with mixed order of integration, Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model is applied to determine cointegration and estimate short-run and long-run coefficients. Results indicate that economic growth and FDI have negative significant effects on both indicators of child health outcomes in both the short run and the long run. This implies that both economic growth and FDI contribute towards reducing IMR and CMRU5 in South Africa and thus help improve child health outcomes. Toda and Yamamoto (TY) causality test confirms causal association between these variables. Policy implications are discussed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2020 01:29
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2020 04:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: ARDL; CMRU5; economic growth; FDI; IMR; South Africa
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21665095.2020.1717362
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39816

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