Local housing characteristics associated with early childhood development outcomes in Australian disadvantaged communities

Villanueva, Karen and Badland, Hannah and Tanton, Robert and Katz, Ilan and Brinkman, Sally and Lee, Ju-Lin and Woolcock, Geoffrey ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1904-7066 and Giles-Corti, Billie and Goldfeld, Sharon (2019) Local housing characteristics associated with early childhood development outcomes in Australian disadvantaged communities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (10):1719. ISSN 1661-7827

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Abstract

Disadvantaged communities tend to have poorer early childhood development outcomes. Access to safe, secure, and stable housing is a well-known social determinant of health but there is a need to examine key features of neighbourhood housing that reduce early childhood development inequities. The 2012 Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population-wide measure of early childhood development, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics Socio-economic Index for Areas Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage were used to select fourteen disadvantaged local communities in five Australian states and territories based on those performing better (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their socio-economic profile. Between 2015–2017, qualitative and quantitative housing data were collected in the local communities. In total, 87 interviews with stakeholders, 30 focus groups with local service providers and parents, and Australian Census dwelling information were analysed. A comparative case study approach was used to examine differences in housing characteristics (e.g., public housing, density, affordability, and tenure) between disadvantaged local communities performing ‘better than expected’ and ‘as expected’ on early childhood development. Perceived better housing affordability, objectively measured housing tenure (ownership) and perceived and objectively measured lower-density public housing were housing characteristics that emerged as points of difference for disadvantaged local communities where children had relatively better early childhood development outcomes. These characteristics are potential modifiable and policy sensitive housing levers for reducing early childhood development inequities.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Rural Economies Centre of Excellence (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2020 00:40
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 00:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: urban planning; neighbourhood; community; early childhood development; family; mixed methods; inequity; housing
Fields of Research (2008): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160404 Urban and Regional Studies (excl. Planning)
12 Built Environment and Design > 1205 Urban and Regional Planning > 120501 Community Planning
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160810 Urban Sociology and Community Studies
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940112 Families and Family Services
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940105 Children's/Youth Services and Childcare
Funding Details:
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101719
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39670

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