Prediabetes and cardiovascular complications study (PACCS): international collaboration 4 years' summary and future direction

Nwose, E. U. and Richards, R. S. and Bwititi, P. T. and Igumbor, E. O. and Oshionwu, E. J. and Okolie, K. and Onyia, I. C. and Pokhrel, A. and Gyawali, P. ORCID: and Okuzor, J. N. and Oguoma, V. M. and Gardiner, F. W. and Wang, L. (2017) Prediabetes and cardiovascular complications study (PACCS): international collaboration 4 years' summary and future direction. BMC Research Notes, 10 (1):730.

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Objective: The prediabetes and cardiovascular complications studies proposes to develop a screening protocol for diabetes cardiovascular risk, and strategies for holistic management amongst others. Over 500 participants were recruited in the first 2 years of rural community research screening. Specific for this report, various published findings were reviewed. The objective is to summarize research outcomes and itemize limitations as they constitute basis of future directions.

Results: Affordability and availability are major confounding behavioural change wheel factors in the rural community. 4.9% prevalence of prediabetes, which may be lower or non-significantly different in urban areas. Hyperglycaemia co-morbidity with dyslipidaemia (5.0%), obesity (3.1%) and hypertension (1.8%) were observed. Limitation of the study includes participants being mostly over 60 years old, which has created impetus for the Global Alliance on Chronic Diseases agenda on vulnerability of older adults to diabetes being a new direction of the collaboration. Other directions in Australia and Nepal focus on patients with chronic kidney disease with or without cardiovascular complications. This report highlights the need to translational research.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2020 01:42
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 01:38
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular complications, Ddabetes mellitus, early identification and intervention, holistic healthcare management, low-mid income countries, prediabetes, public health
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Fields of Research (2020): 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
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