Greenhouse gas emissions associated with road transport projects: current status, benchmarking, and assessment tools

Albuquerque, Francisco D.B. and Maraqa, Munjed A. and Chowdhury, Rezaul and Mauga, Timur and Alzard, Mohammed (2020) Greenhouse gas emissions associated with road transport projects: current status, benchmarking, and assessment tools. In: World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR 2019), 26-31 May 2019, Mumbai, India.

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Abstract

Global warming and climate change have been two much-debated topics in recent times due to their malevolent consequences not only to ecosystems, but also to the human race. They are indeed negative by-products of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The transportation sector is a major contributor of GHG emissions, accounting for approximately 20 percent of all carbon dioxide (co2) emissions globally, and road transportation accounts for the large majority of those emissions. This paper reviews literature related to GHG emissions produced by construction, operation, and maintenance phases of road projects. It compares country-specific GHG emission levels and provides input on assessment tools that can be used to estimate road project-specific GHG emissions. Lastly, the paper draws conclusions in regards to the magnitude of GHG emissions produced by road transportation, as well as to the status of assessment tools readily available in the market. The authors find that GHG emissions continue to be a concern, especially in the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC), and recognize the need for reliable modeling tools capable of estimating project-specific GHG emissions. As a result, a model framework is proposed as the first step towards a comprehensive modeling tool capable of estimating GHG emissions produced during the entire life-cycle of a road project. The authors disclose that such tool is currently under development.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 23:15
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2020 03:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: Greenhouse Gas; Emissions; Road Transport Projects; Status; benchmarking; Assessment Tools
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090502 Construction Engineering
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9602 Atmosphere and Weather > 960201 Atmospheric Composition (incl. Greenhouse Gas Inventory)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2020.08.261
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39591

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