Foam Rolling as a Recovery Tool Following Eccentric Exercise: Potential Mechanisms Underpinning Changes in Jump Performance

Drinkwater, Eric J. and Latella, Christopher and Wilsmore, Christopher and Bird, Stephen P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5607-3829 and Skein, Melissa (2019) Foam Rolling as a Recovery Tool Following Eccentric Exercise: Potential Mechanisms Underpinning Changes in Jump Performance. Frontiers in Physiology, 10:768. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Purpose
Recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is paramount in sports performance. Foam rolling (FR) has been suggested to improve acute performance, however, the ability to facilitate recovery from eccentric (ECC) exercise remains unclear.

Methods
Eleven males undertook 6×25 ECC knee extensions to induce muscular damage. Immediately, 24, 48 and 72 h post-training countermovement jump (CMJ), maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), pressure-pain threshold (PPT), knee flexion range of motion (ROM) and mid-thigh circumference (MTC) were assessed. Neurophysiological measures included voluntary activation (VA), peak twitch torque (PTT), time to peak twitch (PTTtime) and rate of twitch torque development (RTD). Participants then spent 15 min FR prior to each time point, or control (CON). Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and standardised effect sizes (Hedges’ g) ± 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were used to compare FR and CON.

Results
CMJ was greater for FR compared to CON (P=0.030) at 72 h (8.6%, P=0.004) with moderate effects observed at 48 and 72 h (g=0.54-0.66). PPT was greater with FR (P=0.018) at 48 h only (23.7%, p=0.013), with moderate to large effects noted at all-time points (g=0.55-0.98). No significant differences were reported for MVIC (P=0.777, -5.1 to 4.2%), ROM (P=0.432, 1.6% to 3.5%), VA (P=0.050, 3.6 to 26.2%), PTT (P=0.302, -3.9 to 9.9%), PTTtime (P=0.702, -24.4 to 23.5%), RTD (P=0.864, -16.0 to -1.0%) or MTC (P=0.409, -0.5 to -0.1%) between conditions.

Conclusions
FR appears to improve jump performance in the later stages of recovery following ECC exercise. This may be in part due to improved pain tolerance, however, mechanical and neurophysiological are not modulated with FR.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health and Wellbeing (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2020 00:31
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 03:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: Foam rolling; Recovery
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00768
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39422

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