How Sedentary Are University Students? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Castro, Oscar and Bennie, Jason ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8668-8998 and Vergeer, Ineke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6560-9023 and Bosselut, Gregoire and Biddle, Stuart J.H. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7663-6895 (2020) How Sedentary Are University Students? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Prevention Science, 21 (3). pp. 332-343. ISSN 1389-4986


Abstract

Accumulating high volumes of sedentary behaviour is a risk factor for multiple negative health-related outcomes. The objective of this review was to synthesise the evidence on the levels of sedentary behaviour in university students. Screened records from 13 databases were included if: (i) published after 2007; and (ii) reported on university students’ amount of total or domain-specific sedentary behaviour. Sub-group and meta-regression analyses were conducted to investigate potential sources of heterogeneity (moderators). A total of 125 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies were cross-sectional (84%) and reported screen time (61%) or total sedentary time (39%). Self-reported data indicated that university students spend 7.29 hours per day being sedentary. The levels of total sedentary behaviour were significantly higher when measured with accelerometers (M = 9.82 hours per day). Computer use presented significantly higher prevalence over other modalities of screen time. Among the explored factors (i.e., countries’ income, age, gender, and study’s publication date), only publication date significantly moderated sedentary behaviour. Results suggest that a considerable proportion of university students (i) engage in higher levels of sedentary time compared to the general young adult population, and (ii) accumulate levels of sedentary time that have been associated with an increased risk for detrimental health outcomes. In addition, meta-regression analyses suggest that sedentary time has increased over the last 10-year period among university students. These findings may inform future initiatives and policies targeting university students’ sedentary behaviour. Further research is needed to identify the factors moderating sedentary behaviour in the university setting.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health Research (1 Apr 2020 -)
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2020 23:35
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2020 01:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sitting, Sedentary time, College students, Correlates
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-020-01093-8
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39418

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