The GALAH survey: a new constraint on cosmological lithium and Galactic lithium evolution from warm dwarf stars

Gao, Xudong and Lind, Karin and Amarsi, Anish M. and Buder, Sven and Bland-Hawthorn, Joss and Campbell, Simon W. and Asplund, Martin and Casey, Andrew R. and de Silva, Gayandhi M. and Freeman, Ken C. and Hayden, Michael R. and Lewis, Geraint F. and Martell, Sarah L. and Simpson, Jeffrey D. and Sharma, Sanjib and Zucker, Daniel B. and Zwitter, Tomaz and Horner, Jonathan and Munari, Ulisse and Nordlander, Thomas and Stello, Dennis and Ting, Yuan-Sen and Traven, Gregor and Wittenmyer, Robert A. and Galah Collaboration, . (2020) The GALAH survey: a new constraint on cosmological lithium and Galactic lithium evolution from warm dwarf stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 497 (1). L30-L34. ISSN 1745-3925

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Abstract

Lithium depletion and enrichment in the cosmos is not yet well understood. To help tighten constraints on stellar and Galactic evolution models, we present the largest high-resolution analysis of Li abundances A(Li) to date, with results for over $100\, 000$ GALAH (Galactic Archeology with HERMES) field stars spanning effective temperatures $5900\, \mathrm{K} \lesssim T_{\mathrm{eff}}\lesssim 7000\, \mathrm{K}$ and metallicities -3 ≲ [Fe/H] ≲ +0.5. We separated these stars into two groups, on the warm and cool sides of the so-called Li dip, a localized region of the Kiel diagram wherein lithium is severely depleted. We discovered that stars in these two groups show similar trends in the A(Li)-[Fe/H] plane, but with a roughly constant offset in A(Li) of $0.4\, \mathrm{dex}$ , the warm group having higher Li abundances. At $\rm [Fe/H]\gtrsim -0.5$ , a significant increase in Li abundance with increasing metallicity is evident in both groups, signalling the onset of significant Galactic production. At lower metallicity, stars in the cool group sit on the Spite plateau, showing a reduced lithium of around $0.4\, \mathrm{dex}$ relative to the primordial value predicted from big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). However, stars in the warm group between [Fe/H] = -1.0 and -0.5 form an elevated plateau that is largely consistent with the BBN prediction. This may indicate that these stars in fact preserve the primordial Li produced in the early Universe.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Astrophysics (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2020 04:43
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 03:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars: abundances; Galaxy: abundances; cosmology: primordial; nucleosynthesis; techniques: spectroscopic; stars: late-type; stars:; atmospheres; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics; - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of; Galaxies
Fields of Research (2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slaa109
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39328

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