Toward profitable and sustainable bioresource management in the Australian red meat processing industry: a critical review and illustrative case study

McCabe, Bernadette K. and Harris, Peter W. and Antille, Diogenes and Schmidt, Thomas and Lee, Seonmi and Hill, Andrew and Baillie, Craig (2020) Toward profitable and sustainable bioresource management in the Australian red meat processing industry: a critical review and illustrative case study. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 50 (22). pp. 2415-2439. ISSN 1064-3389


Abstract

The Australian Red Meat Processing (RMP) industry is challenged with ever increasing environmental pressures to reduce their environmental footprint. Wastewater is high strength and requires quality treatment to prevent pollution of surface and ground waters; while much of the solid waste produced is organic and is suitable for land-based disposal. Stricter environmental standards and greater community expectations as well as increasing costs for water, energy and waste disposal require the reduction of resource consumption. This represents an opportunity for the RMP industry to adopt innovative technologies to use bioresources produced on site to increase the plants profitability. This article provides a critical review of solid and liquid waste management at RMP plants outlining the current trends in bioenergy, biofertiliser and value-add byproducts production. The review proceeds to place these developments through an illustrative case study of investigations undertaken at one of Australia’s largest RMP plants investigating technologies and processes to reuse, recycle, and dispose of organic liquid and solid waste. The three main lines of investigation include biogas optimization, reuse of paunch as a fertilizer and opportunities for blood products. Key results from the case study include: 1. Natural gas consumption could be offset with biogas to reduce yearly energy expenditure by up to a further ≈25% by operating lagoons under optimal mesophilic conditions (38 °C); 2. Nitrogen fertilizer replacement value of paunch was found to be comparable to other organic materials used for land application; and 3. The recovery of blood products can yield up to AUD10.5M pa for the enterprise.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Agricultural Engineering (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Agricultural Engineering (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 03:51
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2020 05:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: anaerobic digestion, biofertilzer, biogas, blood products, recycling of abattoir-derived waste, slaughterhouse waste
Fields of Research (2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300210 Sustainable agricultural development
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410406 Natural resource management
40 ENGINEERING > 4099 Other engineering > 409901 Agricultural engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9612 Rehabilitation of Degraded Environments > 961202 Rehabilitation of Degraded Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8305 Primary Animal Products > 830599 Primary Animal Products not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2020.1712310
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39325

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