Exploring the roles of high-speed train, air and coach services in the spread of COVID-19 in China

Zhang, Yahua ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1522-3402 and Zhang, Anming and Wang, Jiaoe (2020) Exploring the roles of high-speed train, air and coach services in the spread of COVID-19 in China. Transport Policy, 94. pp. 34-42. ISSN 0967-070X

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Abstract

To understand the roles of different transport modes in the spread of COVID-19 pandemic across Chinese cities, this paper looks at the factors influencing the number of imported cases from Wuhan and the spread speed and pattern of the pandemic. We find that frequencies of air flights and high-speed train (HST) services out of Wuhan are significantly associated with the number of COVID-19 cases in the destination cities. The presence of an airport or HST station at a city is significantly related to the speed of the pandemic spread, but its link with the total number of confirmed cases is weak. The farther the distance from Wuhan, the lower number of cases in a city and the slower the dissemination of the pandemic. The longitude and latitude coordinates do not have a significant relationship with the number of total cases but can increase the speed of the COVID-19 spread. Specifically, cities in the higher longitudinal region tended to record a COVID-19 case earlier than their counter-parties in the west. Cities in the north were more likely to report the first case later than those in the south. The pandemic may emerge in large cities earlier than in small cities as GDP is a factor positively associated with the spread speed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2020 01:29
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 01:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19; High-speed rail;Inter-city bus; Air transport; Spread speed; Spread pattern
Fields of Research (2008): 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1507 Transportation and Freight Services > 150701 Air Transportation and Freight Services
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140217 Transport Economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8803 Aerospace Transport > 880302 Air Passenger Transport
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.05.012
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39078

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