Investigating Capacities to Change Soil and Irrigation Practices in Vegetable Production in Two Provinces in Cambodia

Starasts, Ann and Ratana, Tech and Putheavy, Yin and Kay, Ratan (2020) Investigating Capacities to Change Soil and Irrigation Practices in Vegetable Production in Two Provinces in Cambodia. In: Third International Tropical Agriculture Conference (TROPAG 2019), 11 - 13 Nov 2019, Brisbane, Queensland.

[img]
Preview
Text (Submitted Version)
manuscript.v2edited .pdf

Download (248kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Accepted Version)
Starasts et al 2020 .pdf

Download (682kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Published Version)
proceedings-36-00210.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (132kB) | Preview

Abstract

Improving vegetable production in Cambodia offers a pathway to grow domestic consumption and exports, and improve nutrition, profits, and livelihoods. Interviews with 120 growers and 5 focus group discussions within 5 villages investigated growers’ capacity to change soil and irrigation management in their Chinese cabbage, Petsai, Cucumber, Cauliflower, Lettuce and other vegetable crops. Low or no profitability (34% participants), insect pests (59%) and dry periods (18%) were growers’ major limitations, with small farm size (0.08 ha) and limited schooling (21–36% had no schooling) contributing to the scenario. High cost of inputs is a limitation to making farming system changes, with most growers using their own funds and less than 10% borrowing funds to pay for crop inputs. Communication and planning for vegetable growing occurred almost exclusively within families (93%), with 7.5% of participants discussing with other farmers. Lack of time (43%) and knowledge about farmer group activities (30%) limited ongoing group learning opportunities. Although very traditional, 28% of participants had tried new practices; 42% of participants indicated they will try new practices after exposure to a soil and irrigation research trial. The participants were keen learners, and after exposure to the research, 58% believed that liming improves yields and 18% prefer to evaluate this on their farms. Information sources about vegetable growing are limited, and growers had complex information needs. Facilitating and mentoring ongoing local support and technical information networks, and enhancing capacity and communication are seen as key strategies for empowering long term ability to change.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 39042
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Agricultural Engineering (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Agricultural Engineering (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2020 01:16
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2021 04:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: technology adoption; Cambodia; agricultural extension; livelihoods research; vegetable production
Fields of Research (2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070106 Farm Management, Rural Management and Agribusiness
Fields of Research (2020): 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300210 Sustainable agricultural development
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300208 Farm management, rural management and agribusiness
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8202 Horticultural Crops > 820215 Vegetables
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019036210
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/39042

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only