A non-noble material cathode catalyst dual-doped with sulfur and nitrogen as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Xu, Li and Pan, Guoshun and Shi, Xiaolei ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0905-2547 and Zou, Chunli and Zhou, Yan and Luo, Guihai and Chen, Gaopan (2015) A non-noble material cathode catalyst dual-doped with sulfur and nitrogen as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction. Electrochimica Acta, 177:24159. pp. 57-64. ISSN 0013-4686


Abstract

The behavior of Fe-based dual-doped non-noble metal electrocatalyst (Fe-N/C-TsOH) pyrolyzed at different condition and the repercussion for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has been studied. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and rotating disk electrode (RDE) with Tafel theory as well as Koutecky-Levich were used to quantitatively obtain the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) kinetic constants and the reaction mechanisms. The pyrolyzed catalysts showed significantly improved ORR activity as well as different ORR mechanism, indicating that heat-treatment is a necessary step for improving catalyst activity. In addition, the optimal heat-treatment temperature was found to be 600 °C, and the overall ORR electron transfer numbers were found to be about 3.899, suggesting that the ORR catalyzed by Fe-N/C-TsOH-600 is a 4-electron transfer process from O2 to H2O. Furthermore, the catalysts also have been subjected to chemical treatments in 0.5 mol·L−1 H2SO4 to remove impurities and reheating was emplyed to optimize the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst towards the ORR in alkaline medium. And the activity of the catalyst for the ORR increases obviously after H2SO4 leaching and reheating. This effect account to the removal of impurities and purify the active sites as well as the factor that increase the amount of smaller pores which can provide a large surface area and expose more ORR-relevant active sites. In order to understand the heat-treatmen effect on catalyst, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are employed to detect surface structure changes. The results revealed a fact that the temperature of thermal treatment has a direct influence on crystal structure and compositions of the catalysts.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 01:39
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2020 02:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: dual-dopant; acid leaching; heat-treatment; oxygen reduction reaction
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2015.01.107
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38908

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