‘A la carte’ spirituality and the future of freedom of religion

Patrick, Jeremy ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2032-9543 (2020) ‘A la carte’ spirituality and the future of freedom of religion. In: Freedom of Religion or Belief: Creating the Constitutional Space for Fundamental Freedoms. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Cheltenham, United Kingdom, pp. 58-91. ISBN 9781788977791


Although institutional religion continues on, there has been a dramatic increase in the past twenty years in those who describe themselves as 'spiritual but not religious'. The common trait among so-called 'SBNRs' is that they take an individualistic approach to religion: picking and choosing particular beliefs from a wide variety of religious traditions and then adding in, on an a la carte basis, notions from what may be derided by many as folklore, pseudoscience, the New Age smorgasbord, or personal intuition. The rise of this 'new spirituality' presents challenges for the traditional application of religious freedom principles in liberal democracies which were developed in the context of institutional, hierarchical, and formalized religious affiliations. This paper examples doctrinal freedom of religion principles in Australia, Canada, and the United States and discusses how 'freedom of religion' must evolve to protect spiritual beliefs that are personal and idiosyncratic.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Law and Justice (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Heritage and Culture (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 03:24
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 23:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: SBNR, Nones, Freedom of Religion, Spirituality, Religious Freedom
Fields of Research (2008): 18 Law and Legal Studies > 1801 Law > 180108 Constitutional Law
Fields of Research (2020): 48 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 4807 Public law > 480702 Constitutional law
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788977807.00010
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38740

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