Efficient organic enrichment from sludge filtrate via a forward osmosis membrane process

Chang, Jiang and Qiu, Haoran and Wang, Jiawei and Lin, Rijia and Hernandez, Byron Villacorta and Ji, Chunmiao and Liu, Guoliang and Zhao, Xuan and Ge, Lei ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2989-0329 (2020) Efficient organic enrichment from sludge filtrate via a forward osmosis membrane process. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 8 (4):104042. pp. 1-7. ISSN 2213-3437


Abstract

Anaerobically digested sludge filtrate after thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP-AD) requires large plant and operational costs for post-treatment and re-utilization. This paper reports the innovative forward osmosis (FO) membrane process to enrich organic matter from such a digested sludge filtrate. The proposed membrane separation process can reduce the operational load and environmental dependence of waste sewage treatment plants and may provide a new way for the treatment of THP-AD sludge filtrate. In this study, a cost-effective draw NaCl solution was selected for the FO process. The sensitivity of membrane operational conditions including membrane orientation, system temperature, system flow rate and concentrations of draw solution was investigated and correlated with the FO processing performance. FO mode is a clever choice to reduce the deposition of pollutants on the membrane’s surface, and improve the recovery performance of the membrane. The permeation flux of the THP-AD sludge digestion system decreased more rapidly due to the membrane pollution as well as to the decreasing of driving force caused by the dilution of the draw solution and the concentration of the feed solution. The concentration factor of digested sludge filtrate after FO process was more than five, and the rejection rates of organic and inorganic matter were above 92.5%. The membrane permeability recovery after the offline washing reached up to 98.4% and showed high efficiency at removing membrane fouling substances and at reactivating the membrane. The proposed FO process has potential as an alternative and practical method for treating and utilizing intractable sludge filtrates, conducive to the development of sustainable wastewater plants.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 38710
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2021 03:21
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2021 04:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forward osmosis; Membrane; Organic enrichment; Water recovery; Sludge digestion
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400410 Wastewater treatment processes
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400409 Separation technologies
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8298 Environmentally Sustainable Plant Production > 829803 Management of Liquid Waste from Plant Production (excl. Water)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2020): 12 CONSTRUCTION > 1206 Environmentally sustainable construction activities > 120602 Management of liquid waste from construction activities (excl. water)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2020.104042
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38710

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only