Drying of organic blackberry in combined hot air-infrared dryer with ultrasound pretreatment

Taghinezhad, Ebrahim and Kaveh, Mohammad and Khalife, Esmail and Chen, Guangnan (2020) Drying of organic blackberry in combined hot air-infrared dryer with ultrasound pretreatment. Drying Technology. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0737-3937


Abstract

In this study, prediction and analysis of energy and exergy in a combined hot air-infrared dryer with ultrasound pretreatment for organic blackberry was carried out. The effect on product color and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission was assessed. To predict energy and exergy parameters such as energy utilization ratio, energy utilization, exergy loss, and exergy efficiency, both the artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) methods were employed. Drying experiments were undertaken at three temperature levels of 50, 60, and 70°C in air speed of 1 m/s and ultrasound pretreatment time 15, 30, and 45 min, as compared to controlled samples (without pretreatment). Results demonstrated that by raising the inlet air temperature and ultrasound pretreatment time, color change rate decreased, while energy utilization and exergy efficiency increased. Energy and exergy prediction results by means of ANN and ANFIS methods showed that ANFIS method achieved a higher and lower as compared to ANN. The highest level of GHG emission (NOx, CO2) was obtained at 50°C temperature for samples without pretreatment.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 38694
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 04:22
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 01:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy; Exergy; Blackberry; Combined hot air-infrared dryer; GHG emissions
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4099 Other engineering > 409901 Agricultural engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8601 Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products) > 860108 Processed Fruit and Vegetable Products (incl. Fruit Juices)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07373937.2020.1753066
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38694

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only