Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Ischaemic Heart Disease in Chinese Cities: A narrative review

Ogwu, Emmanuel (2019) Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Ischaemic Heart Disease in Chinese Cities: A narrative review. International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research, 2 (11):1123. pp. 1-11. ISSN 2688-9501

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between fine particulate matter and ischaemic heart disease. A literature search was conducted using six electronic databases (Embase, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library and Web of Science) and the University of Queensland’s online library. A list of important sources was compiled and reviewed, and the ten best resources selected, based on their focus on Chinese cities and the administrative city of Hong Kong. The other criterion used to select the articles was that they must address and contain at least one outcome of the relationship between particulate matter and ischaemic heart disease. The result of the review indicates that both types of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) have a strong association with ischaemic heart disease. Low and high concentrations of particulate matter have unhealthy effects on ischaemic heart disease mortality, morbidity, emergency visits and hospital admissions. Elderly subjects appear more susceptible to the harmful effects of particulate matter. In this narrative review, particulate air pollution manifests higher ischaemic heart disease risk in male, this can be attributed to high exposure level of air pollution and tobacco smoking in men than women in China. Staying at home or using a face mask during low and elevated levels of particulate matter concentration will help improve the cardiovascular health of vulnerable people. The health consequences of particulate matter cannot be ignored in the prevention of ischaemic heart disease. Policy makers in China and Hong Kong should target the implementation of appropriate measures that will reduce particulate matter exposure.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2020 00:27
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 03:16
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concentration & effects; Coronary heart disease; Ischaemic heart disease; Particulate matter
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4299 Other health sciences > 429999 Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.29011/2688-9501.101123
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38529

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