Highly sensitive 3C-SiC on glass based thermal flow sensor realized using MEMS technology

Balakrishnan, Vivekananthan and Dinh, Toan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7489-9640 and Phan, Hoang-Phuong and Dao, Dzung and Nguyen, Nam-Trung (2018) Highly sensitive 3C-SiC on glass based thermal flow sensor realized using MEMS technology. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 279. pp. 293-305. ISSN 0924-4247


Abstract

This paper presents a silicon carbide (SiC) based thermal flow sensor on a transparent and electrically insulating glass substrate via anodic bonding process. The paper elaborates on the fabrication steps of the thermal flow sensor. Three resistive heater size configurations of dimensions 100 μm × 100 μm, 300 μm × 300 μm, and 1000 μm × 1000 μm were fabricated. The thermoresistive properties of 3C-SiC on glass were investigated from ambient temperature to 443 K. The characterization of the SiC heater and temperature sensors revealed a high thermoresistive effect with a temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of approximately −20,716 ppm/K at ambient temperature(298 K) and −9367 ppm/K at 443 K respectively. The performance of the sensors was evaluated based on the sensitivity of the flow sensor. For a turbulent flow velocity of 7.4 m/s, the sensitivity of the sensor operating in the constant -voltage mode is 0.091 s/m with a power consumption of 133.50 mW for the 1000 μm × 1000 μm heater. Finally, a study on the flow direction was conducted to confirm the operation of 2-D direction independent hot-film flow sensor. Results indicated that the performance of the sensor remained the same when the flow direction was perpendicular to SiC heater and sensor respectively. However, the best sensitivity was achieved by passing air flow perpendicular to the sensing elements. The high TCR of the single crystalline 3C-SiC material, the relatively low power consumption on the order of milliwatts and the high sensitivity of our sensor demonstrates its potential use for high temperature flow sensing applications.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 01:06
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 02:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: SiC flow sensor; Glass; Thermoresistive effect; Air flow; Sensitivity
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091306 Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2018.06.025
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38177

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