A hot-film air flow sensor for elevated temperatures

Balakrishnan, Vivekananthan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7489-9640 and Dinh, Toan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7489-9640 and Nguyen, Thanh and Phan, Hoang-Phuong and Nguyen, Tuan-Khoa and Dao, Dzung Viet and Nguyen, Nam-Trung (2019) A hot-film air flow sensor for elevated temperatures. Review of Scientific Instruments, 90 (1):015007. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0034-6748

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Abstract

We report a novel packaging and experimental technique for characterizing thermal flow sensors at high temperatures. This paper first reports the fabrication of 3C-SiC (silicon carbide) on a glass substrate via anodic bonding, followed by the investigation of thermoresistive and Joule heating effects in the 3C-SiC nano-thin film heater. The high thermal coefficient of resistance of approximately −20 720 ppm/K at ambient temperature and −9287 ppm/K at 200 °C suggests the potential use of silicon carbide for thermal sensing applications in harsh environments. During the Joule heating test, a high-temperature epoxy and a brass metal sheet were utilized to establish the electric conduction between the metal electrodes and SiC heater inside a temperature oven. In addition, the metal wires from the sensor to the external circuitry were protected by a fiberglass insulating sheath to avoid short circuit. The Joule heating test ensured the stability of mechanical and Ohmic contacts at elevated temperatures. Using a hot-wire anemometer as a reference flow sensor, calibration tests were performed at 25 °C, 35 °C, and 45 °C. Then, the SiC hot-film sensor was characterized for a range of low air flow velocity, indicating a sensitivity of 5 mm−1 s. The air flow was established by driving a metal propeller connected to a DC motor and controlled by a microcontroller. The materials, metallization, and interconnects used in our flow sensor were robust and survived temperatures of around 200 °C


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: 2020 AIP Publishing LLC.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 July 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 July 2013 -)
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2020 04:45
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 03:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wind sensor; Coefficient; Resistance; Fabrication; Operation; Health
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091306 Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1063/1.5065420
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38147

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