Acute physical exercise intensity, cognitive inhibition and psychological well-being in adolescent physical education students

Pastor, Diego and Cervello, Eduardo and Peruyero, Fernando and Biddle, Stuart and Montero, Carlos (2019) Acute physical exercise intensity, cognitive inhibition and psychological well-being in adolescent physical education students. Current Psychology. ISSN 1046-1310


Abstract

Cognitive function and psychological well-being are two variables related to mental health. Several studies have shown that these variables are sensitive to acute physical exercise, but it is not known which doses of exercise are the most adaptive. To explore this issue, 35 adolescents performed three sessions of physical education with different intensities: no-exercise, light/moderate exercise, and moderate/vigorous exercise, controlling intensities with accelerometers. Stroop test and well-being questionnaires were used before and after each session. The repeated measures design showed that cognitive inhibition was significantly higher after physical exercise sessions than in the non-exercise session, with no differences between the exercise intensity conditions. Vitality increased only in the non-exercise session and positive affect increased and negative affect decreased after the light/moderate physical exercise session only. These results show that including physical exercise prior to performing tasks that require high cognitive inhibition may be a useful strategy to improve cognitive performance.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 12 September 2019. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2020 02:24
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2020 04:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: acute physical exercise; adolescence; cognitive inhibition; well-being
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s12144-019-00454-z
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/38056

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