Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…?

Dubois, Mark and Akester, Michael and Leemans, Kimio and Teoh, Shwu Jiau and Stuart, Alexander M. and Thant, Aung Myo and San, Su Su and Shein, Nilar and Leh, Mansoor and Moet Moet, Palal and Radanielson, Ando M (2019) Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…? Marine & Freshwater Research, 70 (9). pp. 1229-1240. ISSN 1323-1650

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Abstract

With rapidly increasing investment in water control infrastructure (WCI) and a recently ratified agriculture development strategy that promotes integrated farming of high-value products such as fish, agricultural production, already fundamental to Myanmar’s economy, will be central to driving the countries’ socioeconomic transformation. Water planners and managers have a unique opportunity to design and manage WCI to incorporate fish and, in so doing, reduce conflicts and optimise the benefits to both people and the ecosystem services upon which they depend. Results from rice–fish culture experimental trials in Myanmar’s Ayeyarwady Delta are providing an evidence base for the importance of integrating fish into WCI, highlighting a range of both environmental and social benefits. By using less than 13% of paddy land area and through best management practices, existing rice productivity is sustained, alongside a 25% increase in economic returns for the same land area from fish. In addition, there are considerably more protein and micronutrients available from the fish produced in the system. Should these farming system innovations be adopted at scale, Myanmar stands to benefit from increased employment, incomes and nutritional value of farm plots (alongside associated reductions in pesticide pollution) and water use benefits.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2020 03:17
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2020 00:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: landscape approach; rice–fish systems; sustainable development; water managers
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070104 Agricultural Spatial Analysis and Modelling
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070107 Farming Systems Research
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960699 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8204 Summer Grains and Oilseeds > 820402 Rice
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960902 Coastal and Estuarine Land Management
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1071/MF19182
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37873

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