Urbanization-globalization-CO2 emissions nexus revisited: empirical evidence from South Africa

Salahuddin, Mohammad and Gow, Jeff and Ali, Md. Idris and Hossain, Rahat and Al-Azami, Khaleda Shaheen and Akbar, Delwar and Gedikli, Ayfer (2019) Urbanization-globalization-CO2 emissions nexus revisited: empirical evidence from South Africa. Heliyon, 5 (6):e01974. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2405-8440

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The environmental effects of urbanization and globalization are still subject to debate among scholars. South Africa is the most globalized, most urbanized and the most carbon-intensive economy in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) region. Taking this into cognizance, this study examines the effects of urbanization and globalization on CO2 emissions for South Africa using time series annual data for the period 1980–2017. Zivot and Andrews single and Bai and Perron multiple structural break unit root tests are employed to assess if all the series are stationary. This procedure follows ARDL cointegration test to check the presence of a long-run association among variables. Having been confirmed about such a cointegrating relation, ARDL short-run and long run coefficients indicate that urbanization induces CO2 emissions while only long-run significant emissions effect of globalization was noted. Toda-Yamamoto non-causality test reports a bi-directional causal link between urbanization and CO2 emissions. No causal link is observed between globalization and CO2 emissions. Variance decomposition results do not rule out these effects in future. Policy implications are discussed.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 04:58
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 01:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economics; South Africa; Globalization; Urbanization; Energy poverty
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960511 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Urban and Industrial Environments
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01974
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37773

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