The Simulated Ocular and Whole-body Distribution of Natural Sunlight to Kiteboarders: A High Risk Case of UVR Exposure for Athletes Utilizing Water Surfaces in Sport [Not yet published 14/01/20 MC]

Downs, Nathan. J ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3191-6404 and Parisi, Alfio. V and Schouten, Peter. W and Igoe, Damien. P and De Castro-Maqueda, Guillermo (2019) The Simulated Ocular and Whole-body Distribution of Natural Sunlight to Kiteboarders: A High Risk Case of UVR Exposure for Athletes Utilizing Water Surfaces in Sport [Not yet published 14/01/20 MC]. Photochemistry and Photobiology. pp. 1-36. ISSN 0031-8655

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Abstract

Kiteboarding is an aquatic sporting discipline that has not yet been considered in the literature to date in terms of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) measurement. Kiteboarders need to look upward and are placed obliquely relative to the horizon when towed behind an overhead kite over a reflective water surface. This research defines the typical body surface orientation of a kiteboarder in motion through video vector analysis and demonstrates the potential risk to ocular and skin surface damage through practical measurement of solar UVR using a manikin model. Video analysis of 51 kiteboarders were made to construct skeletal wireframes showing the surface orientation of the leg, thigh, spine, humerus, lower arm and head of a typical kiteboarder. Solar UVR dosimeter measurements made using a manikin model demonstrate that the vertex and anterior surfaces of the knee, lower leg, and lower humerus received 89%, 90%, 80% and 63% of the available ambient UVR respectively for a typical kiteboarder who is tilted back more than 15o from vertical while in motion. Ocular (periorbital) exposures ranged from 56 to 68% of ambient. These new findings show that the anterior skin surfaces of kiteboarders and the eye are at elevated risk of solar UVR damage.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sept 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sept 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 03:49
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 06:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kiteboarding; ultraviolet; skin cancer; sun-protection
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110604 Sports Medicine
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/PHP.13200
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37664

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