Regional hydrology heterogeneity and the response to climate and land surface changes in arid alpine basin, northwest China

Yang, Linshan and Feng, Qi and Yin, Zhenliang and Deo, Ravinesh C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2290-6749 and Wen, Xiaohu and Si, Jianhua and Liu, Wen (2019) Regional hydrology heterogeneity and the response to climate and land surface changes in arid alpine basin, northwest China. Catena (Article 104345). ISSN 0341-8162

Abstract

Hydrology heterogeneity refers to the different water regimes or hydrological processes in response to heterogeneous in topography, landscapes, land cover, soil properties, geology and meteorology reflecting as the spatial variation of precipitation, evapotranspiration and water yield along with landscape, elevation, terrain and climate variation. However, the hydrology heterogeneity in the alpine region of inland river basin has remained unclear to date, which limits the understanding of the hydrology and landscape interaction mechanism and affects the rational utilization of regional water resources. In this study, we combined the soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) and water-energy coupling framework to detect the hydrology heterogeneity in the arid alpine region of Heihe River Basin (HRB). We applied SWAT model to present the hydrological processes and regimes at different landscapes and elevation bands by using field measured parameters, and investigate the hydrology heterogeneity as well as the response to the changes in recent climate and land surface in the perspective of water-energy coupling framework. The results indicate that SWAT is indeed a robust tool in representing the streamflow process in alpine region with accurate performance. The distribution of landscapes reflect the comprehensive effect of regional water-energy coupling, which highly rely on the altitudinal gradient. The hydrology heterogeneity in high-altitude area is sensitive to energy and in low-altitude area is sensitive to water limitation (drought stress). Climate change is the dominate factor that driving the hydrology heterogeneity shifts in alpine region of HRB, while, the effect of land surface change is gradually strengthening over the past 50 years, reflecting with the contribution of land surface change on hydrology shifts is gradually increasing.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 3 Dec 2019. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sept 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Life Sciences and the Environment - Centre for Applied Climate Sciences (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 23:20
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2020 02:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydrological heterogeneity; climate response; landscape; SWAT; Heihe River
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080105 Expert Systems
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2019.104345
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37584

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