Health outcome and expenditure in low-income countries: does increasing diffusion of information and communication technology matter?

Rana, Rezwanul Hasan and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2232-0745 and Gow, Jeff (2019) Health outcome and expenditure in low-income countries: does increasing diffusion of information and communication technology matter? Information Technology for Development, 26. pp. 1-19. ISSN 0268-1102


Abstract

This paper examines whether increasing diffusion of ICTs has the potential to improve healthcare use and access to better health outcome and higher spending on health in 38 low-income countries with a panel data for the period of 1995 to 2015. The panel corrected standard error, and fixed effect Driscoll-Kraay methods were used to account for unobserved heterogeneity and cross-section dependence in the panel data. A health outcome index was developed using partial least square based on a structural equation model with SmartPLS (version 2) software package. The estimated results indicate that increasing diffusion of ICT impacts both the health outcome and expenditure, positively and significantly. The association is stronger when the diffusion of ICT takes place in rural areas. In conclusion, ICT is not only a means for providing better healthcare services but also an essential instrument for popularizing healthcare access and use for all.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 July 2013 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 23:38
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 00:31
Uncontrolled Keywords: Information and communication technology; health outcome; health expenditure low-income countries
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140304 Panel Data Analysis
10 Technology > 1005 Communications Technologies > 100599 Communications Technologies not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 89 Information and Communication Services > 8901 Communication Networks and Services > 890199 Communication Networks and Services not elsewhere classified
C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920206 Health Inequalities
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/02681102.2019.1678455
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37537

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