Flexural behavior of geopolymer-concrete beams longitudinally reinforced with GFRP and steel hybrid reinforcements

Maranan, G. B. and Manalo, A. C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0493-433X and Benmokrane, B. and Karunasena, W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3636-3068 and Mendis, P. and Nguyen, T. Q. (2019) Flexural behavior of geopolymer-concrete beams longitudinally reinforced with GFRP and steel hybrid reinforcements. Engineering Structures, 182. pp. 141-152. ISSN 0141-0296


This paper presents the flexural behavior of geopolymer-concrete beams longitudinally reinforced with a hybrid of glass-fiber-reinforced-polymer (GFRP) and steel bars. Seven geopolymer-concrete beams with different ratios and configurations of GFRP-to-steel reinforcement were designed, cast, and tested up to failure using the four-point static bending test. Based on the experimental results, the hybrid beams showed better serviceability and ductility and up to 15% higher strength than their counterpart geopolymer-concrete beams reinforced solely with GFRP bars. Increasing the reinforcement ratio increased overall beam performance. The hybrid beams reinforced with steel bars at the top and with GFRP bars at the bottom produced higher stiffness and strength at concrete crushing than their counterpart beams with hybrid tensile reinforcement. The tested geopolymer-concrete hybrid beams yielded better bending-moment capacities than the normal-concrete hybrid beams. Both ACI 440.1R-15 and CSA S806-12 conservatively predicted the flexural strength and mid-span deflection at service load of the hybrid beams.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 08:14
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 05:13
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flexural behaviour; Geopolymer-concrete beams; Glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars; Geopolymer-concrete hybrid beams; normal-concrete hybrid beams.
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400510 Structural engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.12.073
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37463

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