Renewable and non-renewable energy use and its relationship with economic growth in Myanmar

Ahmed, Shakoor and Alam, Khorshed ORCID: and Sohag, Kazi and Gow, Jeff and Rashid, Afzalur and Akter, Mohsina (2019) Renewable and non-renewable energy use and its relationship with economic growth in Myanmar. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26 (22). pp. 22812-22825. ISSN 0944-1344


This study aims to investigate the dynamic relationship between renewable and non-renewable energies, CO2 intensity and economic growth for the period of 1990–2016 using a case study of Myanmar. Autoregressive distributed lag, dynamic OLS, fully modified OLS and Gregory–Hansen co-integration are applied to analyse a time series dataset over the specified time period. The analysis shows that total energy use plays an insignificant role in promoting economic growth. However, decomposition analysis reveals that only renewable energy use significantly promotes, whereas non-renewable energy negatively influences, economic growth. Furthermore, non-renewable energy use is counterproductive in the presence of technological inefficiency, and the size of the overall labour force fosters economic growth. Overall results are robust under different estimation scenarios, including structural break, endogeneity and mixed order of integration. This study presents a new avenue of knowledge by investigating the role of decomposed energy use and technological efficiency in promoting economic growth in the context of Myanmar. Results emphasise the production and use of renewable energy to achieve sustainable economic development in Myanmar.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 23:48
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2020 02:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2 intensity, Myanmar, non-renewable energy, renewable energy
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140305 Time-Series Analysis
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380105 Environment and resource economics
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4404 Development studies > 440499 Development studies not elsewhere classified
38 ECONOMICS > 3802 Econometrics > 380205 Time-series analysis
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850599 Renewable Energy not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9101 Macroeconomics > 910103 Economic Growth
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified
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