The income gradient and child mental health in Australia: does it vary by assessors?

Khanam, Rasheda ORCID: and Nghiem, Son and Rahman, Maisha (2020) The income gradient and child mental health in Australia: does it vary by assessors? European Journal of Health Economics, 21 (1). pp. 19-36. ISSN 1618-7598

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In this paper, we examine the income gradient in child mental health using longitudinal data from a large, national cohort of Australian children. We contribute to the body of existing literature by: (i) investigating whether and to what extent a child’s mental health levels and their relationship to income vary when a child’s mental health is assessed by the child’s parent, the child’s teacher and the child her/himself; (ii) exploring whether the reporting differences in a child’s mental health is associated systematically with household income; and (iii) examining the child mental health gradient and the evolution of this gradient by the child’s age. We found that a child’s mental health and the income gradient vary depending on who assesses the child’s mental health (the gradient was the largest when assessed by parents, and the smallest when assessed by the child). Further, the magnitude of the effect of mental health and income gradient faded when we controlled for some important variables, such as maternal health.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 4 September 2019. Submitted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce (1 Jul 2013 - 17 Jan 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2020 05:12
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2021 03:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: income; child mental health; children’s socio-emotional outcomes; assessors; Australia; panel data
Fields of Research (2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics
Fields of Research (2020): 38 ECONOMICS > 3801 Applied economics > 380108 Health economics
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