What factors explain socioeconomic inequalities in adults' television-related sitting time?

Mackenbach, Joreintje D. and de Groot, Rosa and Lakerveld, Jeroen and De Cocker, Katrien and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Compernolle, Sofie (2019) What factors explain socioeconomic inequalities in adults' television-related sitting time? European Journal of Public Health, 29 (2). pp. 248-254. ISSN 1101-1262


Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are considerable socioeconomic inequalities in television-related sitting time, but there is little evidence for the explanatory mechanisms. We used a cohort of Belgian adults (25-60 years) and older adults (>/=65 years) to examine the social cognitive, home environmental and health-related factors contributing to socioeconomic differences in television-related sitting.

METHODS: We included 301 adults and 258 older adults (total n = 559). Linear regression analyses were used to examine the associations of education and occupational status with television-related sitting time, adjusted for age and gender. We assessed the explanatory power of social cognitive, home environmental and health-related factors using the traditional 'change-in-estimation method'.

RESULTS: Those with low and medium education, respectively, engaged in 54 and 28 minutes per day more television-related sitting time than those with high education. We found no association between occupational status and television-related sitting time. Social cognitive factors explained 54% of the difference in television-related sitting time between those with low and high education, while home environmental factors only explained 6%, and health-related variables explained 10% of these differences.

CONCLUSION: We found no occupational inequalities in television-related sitting time. Social cognitive variables such as attitude and modelling of the partner explained a large part of the educational inequalities in television-related sitting time. If confirmed by future studies, a focus on social cognition may help reduce sedentary behaviours in low-educated adults and diminish inequalities in sedentary behaviours.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Files associated with this item cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 - 31 Mar 2020)
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2019 05:23
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019 05:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: adults; television; sitting; cross-sectional studies; educational status; environment; occupations; sedentary behavior; social environment; socioeconomic factors
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4299 Other health sciences > 429999 Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky170
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37058

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