Mediating role of energy-balance related behaviors in the association of neighborhood socio-economic status and residential area density with BMI: the SPOTLIGHT study

Compernolle, Sofie and Oppert, Jean-Michel and Mackenbach, Joreintje D. and Lakerveld, Jeroen and Charreire, Helene and Glonti, Ketevan and Bardos, Helga and Rutter, Harry and De Cocker, Katrien and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse (2016) Mediating role of energy-balance related behaviors in the association of neighborhood socio-economic status and residential area density with BMI: the SPOTLIGHT study. Preventive Medicine, 86. pp. 84-91. ISSN 0091-7435


Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of energy-balance related behaviors on the association of neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) and neighborhood residential area density (RAD) with body mass index (BMI). METHODS: In total, 6037 adults from four neighborhood types (high SES/high RAD, high SES/low RAD, low SES/high RAD, and low SES/low RAD) in five Mid-European urban regions completed an online survey asking about their energy-balance related behaviors (physical activity [PA], sedentary behavior, and dietary behavior), determinants of these behaviors and their body weight and height. MacKinnon's product-of-coefficients test was used to assess mediating effects. RESULTS: Transport-related PA, leisure-time PA and vegetable intake seemed to mediate the association between neighborhood type and BMI. Residents from low SES/low RAD neighborhoods reported less transport-related PA, less leisure-time PA and less vegetable intake than high SES/high RAD residents, and these behaviors (i.e. transport-related PA, leisure-time PA and vegetable intake) were related to having a higher BMI. CONCLUSION: The association between neighborhood type and BMI can be explained, at least in part, by energy-balance related behaviors.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2019 05:39
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 05:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: residential density, socio-economic status, obesity-related behaviors, overweight
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (2020): 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4299 Other health sciences > 429999 Other health sciences not elsewhere classified
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.01.005
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37024

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