Objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors are not associated with accelerometer-determined total sedentary time in adults

Compernolle, Sofie and De Cocker, Katrien and Mackenbach, Joreintje D. and Van Nassau, Femke and Lakerveld, Jeroen and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse (2017) Objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors are not associated with accelerometer-determined total sedentary time in adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14:94. pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The physical neighbourhood environment may influence adults' sedentary behaviour. Yet, most studies examining the association between the physical neighbourhood environment and sedentary behaviour rely on self-reported data of either the physical neighbourhood environment and/or sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors and accelerometer-determined total sedentary time in adults.

METHODS: In total, 219 Dutch and 128 Belgian adults (mean age +/- SD: 55.8 +/- 15.4 years) were recruited between March and August 2014 as part of the European SPOTLIGHT project. Physical environmental neighbourhood factors, grouped into eight domains, i.e. walking, cycling, public transport, aesthetics, land use mix, grocery stores, food outlets and recreational facilities, were assessed using the SPOTLIGHT Virtual Audit Tool. Sedentary time was collected using ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers. General linear mixed models were conducted to examine associations between physical environmental neighbourhood factors and total sedentary time.

RESULTS: Participants were sedentary, on average, for 542.9 min/day (SD: 84.3), or 9.1 h/day. None of the examined physical environmental neighbourhood factors were significantly related to total sedentary time.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support associations of objectively measured physical environmental neighbourhood factors with adults' objectively sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. More research on sedentary behaviours in settings such as the home and work setting is needed to examine the influence of more specific physical environmental factors on these context-specific sedentary behaviours.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2019 02:16
Last Modified: 25 May 2021 04:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: sitting time, built environment, adults, neighborhood; neighbourhood
Fields of Research (2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0551-6
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37021

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