Associations between aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise with depressive symptom severity among 17,839 U.S. adults

Bennie, Jason A. and Teychenne, Megan J. and De Cocker, Katrien and Biddle, Stuart J. H. (2019) Associations between aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise with depressive symptom severity among 17,839 U.S. adults. Preventive Medicine, 121. pp. 121-127. ISSN 0091-7435

Abstract

For the prevention and management of chronic diseases, global physical activity guidelines state that an adult should engage in regular moderate-to-vigorous aerobic physical activity (MVPA; e.g. walking, cycling, running) and muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE; e.g. strength/resistance training). However, the associations between combined MVPA-MSE with chronic health conditions are rarely examined in large population studies. In particular, little is known associations between combined MVPA-MSE with depressive disorders, one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe the associations between MVPA and MSE with depressive symptom severity among a large sample of U.S. adults. Data were drawn from the U.S. 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. During phone interviews, MVPA, MSE and depressive symptom severity were assessed by validated questionnaires. Poisson regression with a robust error or variance were used to assess prevalence ratios (PR) of depressive symptom severity (mild, moderate, moderately severe/severe) across categories of physical activity guideline adherence (met neither [reference]; MSE only; MVPA only; met both), adjusting for a set of potential cofounders. Data were available on 17,839 adults (18–85 years). When compared with those meeting neither guideline, for mild, moderate and moderately severe/severe depressive symptoms, the PRs were lowest among meeting both guidelines (range: 0.26–0.54), followed by MVPA only (range: 0.36–0.62) and MSE only (range: 0.49–0.84). Among a large sample of U.S. adults, compared to other guideline adherence categories, meeting both MVPA-MSE guidelines was associated with a lowest likelihood of reporting depressive symptoms.


Statistics for USQ ePrint 37009
Statistics for this ePrint Item
Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2019 00:59
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2019 02:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mental health, Strength training, Resistance exercise, Depression, Physical activity, Concurrent training
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.022
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/37009

Actions (login required)

View Item Archive Repository Staff Only