Flexible Thermoelectric Materials and Generators: Challenges and Innovations

Wang, Yuan and Yang, Lei and Shi, Xiao-Lei ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0905-2547 and Shi, Xun and Chen, Li-Dong and Dargusch, Matthew S. and Zou, Jin and Chen, Zhi-Gang ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9309-7993 (2019) Flexible Thermoelectric Materials and Generators: Challenges and Innovations. Advanced Materials, 31 (29):1807916. pp. 1-47. ISSN 0935-9648


Abstract

The urgent need for ecofriendly, stable, long‐lifetime power sources is driving the booming market for miniaturized and integrated electronics, including wearable and medical implantable devices. Flexible thermoelectric materials and devices are receiving increasing attention, due to their capability to convert heat into electricity directly by conformably attaching them onto heat sources. Polymer‐based flexible thermoelectric materials are particularly fascinating because of their intrinsic flexibility, affordability, and low toxicity. There are other promising alternatives including inorganic‐based flexible thermoelectrics that have high energy‐conversion efficiency, large power output, and stability at relatively high temperature. Herein, the state‐of‐the‐art in the development of flexible thermoelectric materials and devices is summarized, including exploring the fundamentals behind the performance of flexible thermoelectric materials and devices by relating materials chemistry and physics to properties. By taking insights from carrier and phonon transport, the limitations of high‐performance flexible thermoelectric materials and the underlying mechanisms associated with each optimization strategy are highlighted. Finally, the remaining challenges in flexible thermoelectric materials are discussed in conclusion, and suggestions and a framework to guide future development are provided, which may pave the way for a bright future for flexible thermoelectric devices in the energy market.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 03:57
Last Modified: 27 May 2021 05:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy harvesting, flexible thermoelectric materials, power generators
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201807916
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36997

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