A re‐examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses

Heritage, Brody and Rees, Clare S. and Osseiran‐Moisson, Rebecca and Chamberlain, Diane and Cusack, Lynette and Anderson, Judith and Fagence, Anna and Sutton, Katie and Brown, Janie and Terry, Victoria R. and Hemsworth, David and Hegney, Desley G. (2019) A re‐examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses. Journal of Nursing Management. ISSN 0966-0429

Abstract

Aims: This study re-examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses.

Background: The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un-examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re-examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses.

Methods: A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM ( SD ) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model. Results: The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing.

Conclusions: The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout-related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context. Implications for Nursing Management: The results highlight the importance of skills training to develop mindfulness and self-efficacy among nurses as a means of fostering resilience and positive psychological adjustment.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 24 June 2019. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 00:19
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2019 00:24
Uncontrolled Keywords: burnout, mindfulness, psychological adjustment, resilience, self‐efficacy, students
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111005 Mental Health Nursing
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12820
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36984

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