Trend of child marriage in Bangladesh: a reflection on significant socioeconomic factors

Biswas, Raaj Kishore and Khan, Jahidur Rahman and Kabir, Enamul (2019) Trend of child marriage in Bangladesh: a reflection on significant socioeconomic factors. Children and Youth Services Review, 104 (Article 104382). ISSN 0190-7409

Abstract

A complicating factor for child marriage in Bangladesh is age heaping or digital preference, where young girls misreport their age, claiming to be older or younger than they are. Analysis based on four nationally representative cross-sectional surveys over the last 10 years has shown that the age adjusted results are similar to the reported age results in terms of the direction of the associated socioeconomic factors; however, their effect sizes have changed. Data from 2004 to 2014 of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) were used and cumulative link mixed models (CLMM) were fitted to ascertain the risk factors by adjusting cluster effects, where the outcome variable was categorized by women's age of marriage (ordinal in nature). Even after age adjustment, education of respondents and their partners, age of both the head of the house and their partner, and the geographic division showed a significant association in all surveys. Although the year wise effect showed significant improvement over the years in pooled data, the rate of improvement was not encouraging. Notable cluster (or community) level variations have been observed over the years, indicating that community specific factors such as regional culture and local environments should be considered during the intervention design.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sept 2019 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Sciences (6 Sept 2019 -)
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 04:54
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2019 02:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: age adjustment, age heaping, Bangladesh, child marriage, cluster variation, digital preference, early marriage, education
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.06.017
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36977

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