CO2 emissions and development indicators: a causality analysis for Bangladesh

Kashem, Mohammad Abul and Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur (2019) CO2 emissions and development indicators: a causality analysis for Bangladesh. Environmental Processes, 6 (2). pp. 433-455. ISSN 2198-7491


This paper aims to check the dynamic linkages between CO2 emissions and development indicators (per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), population density, and urbanisation) of Bangladesh. Using annual data in IPAT model for the period of 1972–2015, we have applied Johansen co-integration and Granger causality tests to examine the long-run co-integration and short-run dynamics of the concerned variables. The obtained results reveal that there is bidirectional causality between CO2 emissions and urbanisation, and CO2 emissions and GDP per capita for the study period in Bangladesh. This implies that GDP growth and urbanisation process are the major sources of CO2 emissions in the country. Therefore, policy makers should take extreme care in designing and implementing the environmental protection policies to curb CO2 emissions with a desired level of economic growth and urbanization.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: First name of the first author is Mohammad, not Mohammed.It is a typo in the published paper. Permanent restricted access to Published version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2019 01:18
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2019 01:18
Uncontrolled Keywords: environment; CO2 emissions; gross domestic product; urbanisation; causality test Bangladesh
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140305 Time-Series Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9601 Air Quality > 960199 Air Quality not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919901 Carbon and Emissions Trading
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s40710-019-00365-y

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