Tourism, exploitation and cultural Imperialism: recent observations from Indonesia

Gehrmann, Richard (1994) Tourism, exploitation and cultural Imperialism: recent observations from Indonesia. Social Alternatives, 13 (3 & 4). pp. 12-16. ISSN 0155-0306


Abstract

Tourism in Indonesia can fall into two categories, recreational tourism and cultural tourism. The impact of each category on the host community varies according to the intensity of tourist operation and the target group. In the case of Central Java, there is a mixture of cultural and recreational tourism involving adventure tourism (for example climbing the active volcano Mt Merapi) and the artistic and cultural attractions of the city of Yogyakarta. In the East Java town of Kalibaru a small family plantation acts as a homestay educating niche visitors about Indonesian life. By contrast, what might be called cultural pollution is a feature of the Kuta Beach area of southern Bali where masses of recreational beach-going Australian tourists domminate. The bars, nightclub and junk tourist culture of this area has little connection to aspects of Balinese culture in villages such as Ubud where craft and artistic values were traditionally more significant, but the high value placed on the arts by more culturally oriented tourists has helped ensure their survival. However, the unplanned and organic nature of tourist development in Kuta allowed some local Balinese entrepreneurs to use the tourism boom to improve their stake in the tourist market, in contrast to the Nusa Dua and Sanur areas characterised by upper and middle level tourist development controlled by outside entrepreneurs.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. University of Queensland.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Arts - Department of Humanities and International Studies (Up to 31 Mar 2011)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Arts - Department of Humanities and International Studies (Up to 31 Mar 2011)
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 23:51
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 23:55
Uncontrolled Keywords: tourism, cultural tourism, exploitation, cultural Imperialism, Indonesia, Bali
Fields of Research (2008): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160402 Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Geography
16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography
Fields of Research (2020): 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440608 Recreation, leisure and tourism geography
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4406 Human geography > 440699 Human geography not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): B Economic Development > 90 Commercial Services and Tourism > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism
C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36826

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