Re-evaluating the factor structure of the self-assessed wisdom scale (saws)

Leeman, Trilas M. and Knight, Bob G. and Fein, Erich C. and Winterbotham, Sonya (2019) Re-evaluating the factor structure of the self-assessed wisdom scale (saws). In: Innovations and Advances in Ageing Well: Joint Conference of the NZ Psychologists of Older People and the Australian Psychological Society’s Psychology & Ageing Interest Group in partnership with the Auckland University of Technology Centre for Active Ageing, 28-29 June 2019, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Abstract

Background. Although wisdom is a desirable developmental goal, researchers often lack valid and reliable construct measures. Webster’s (2007) popular 40-item five factor SAWS structure has had mixed support in the literature. We tested this factor structure, and age group equivalencies. We also examined whether the SAWS Openness dimension is a wisdom precursor, as proposed by other models of wisdom.

Methods. Data from 709 respondents were randomly split into two. We performed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on Sample 1. If the model did not fit the data, then exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on Sample 2 would offer an alternative model that could be confirmed on Sample 1. Structural equation models analysed Openness as a SAWS antecedent and a wisdom component. Multigroup CFA tested invariance across age groups.

Results. The SAWS failed to replicate in the initial CFA. We extracted a 12-item four factor EFA solution, which excluded Humour factor. Openness as a wisdom component was a better model than as antecedent.

Implications. The 12-item four factor model clarifies the key components of the SAWS and can be used across the adult lifespan as different age groups are invariant. We suggest Openness is better understood as a component of the SAWS.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No evidence of copyright restrictions preventing deposit of conference abstracts.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology and Counselling (1 Jan 2015 -)
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2019 06:03
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2019 06:14
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36742

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