Association of personality on changes in weekday sitting time: cross-sectional and prospective evaluation

Joyner, Chelsea and Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Loprinzi, Paul D.. (2019) Association of personality on changes in weekday sitting time: cross-sectional and prospective evaluation. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 9 (1). pp. 60-66. ISSN 1559-8276

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective association of personality typology on changes in sitting (sedentary) time.
Methods: Young adults (N = 126; Mage = 21.6 yrs) completed self-report assessments of personality and sitting time at baseline and at an approximate 5-month follow-up. At baseline, personality was assessed via the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) questionnaire. At both baseline and the follow-up period, sitting time was self-reported using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form.
Results: Both extraversion (β = –5.8; 95% CI: –11.7, 0.21; p = 0.05) and conscientiousness (β = –5.7; 95% CI: –11.3, –0.2; p = 0.04) were inversely associated with baseline sitting time. Regarding the prospective results, the only personality trait associated with changes in sitting time was openness to experience. Independent of changes in physical activity as well as other potential confounders, for every 1 unit increase in openness to experience, there was an associated 6.6 min/day increased change score in sitting time over the 5-month follow-up period (β = 6.6; 95% CI: 0.13, 13.0; p = 0.04).
Conclusion: Personality was differentially associated with sitting time based on the study design, with the personality trait of openness to experience being prospectively associated with increases in sitting time.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version made available in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License 4.0.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 -)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Resilient Regions - Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research (1 Aug 2018 -)
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 04:17
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 06:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: epidemiology, exercise, sedentary behavior
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.15280/jlm.2019.9.1.60
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36665

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