Investigating the impact of seasonal temperature variation on biogas production from covered anaerobic lagoons treating slaughterhouse wastewater using lab scale studies

Schmidt, Thomas and Harris, Peter and Lee, Seonmi and McCabe, Bernadette K. (2019) Investigating the impact of seasonal temperature variation on biogas production from covered anaerobic lagoons treating slaughterhouse wastewater using lab scale studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 7 (3 - Article 103077)). pp. 1-10.

Abstract

Low-rate anaerobic digestion technology can be influenced by environmental conditions, most notably temperature. The effect of temperature on lipid degradation and crust formation in lagoon digesters treating red meat processing (RMP) wastewater is especially pronounced, impacting on the anaerobic digestion process, resulting degradation and biogas generation. This study investigates the effect of temperature reduction from 38 °C to 25 °C to simulate the annual seasonal temperature range experienced in a covered anaerobic lagoon treating slaughterhouse wastewater located in South-East Queensland, Australia. A step-wise temperature reduction was carried out over a three-month period in continuous stirred tank reactors, and anaerobic digestion
performance was compared to digesters operating at optimal mesophilic conditions. After reaching the minimum
seasonal temperature, the organic loading rate was increased to identify the limits for organic loading at the different temperature levels. Lower temperatures had a negative impact on degradation efficiency, biogas
production, and process stability. The translation of lab scale results to commercial scale operation indicated a
30% reduction in biogas production at a temperature of 31 °C, which corresponded to the highest annual temperatures in the covered anaerobic lagoon. A further decrease to 25.5 °C, which represents the lowest annual temperature in the lagoon, with an increase of the organic loading rate caused up to 80% difference in gas production and negatively influenced process stability. Economic assessment indicated that by operating lagoons under optimal mesophilic conditions, natural gas consumption could be offset with biogas to reduce yearly expenditure of natural gas by up to 25.4%.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version cannot be displayed due to copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Agricultural Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 05:12
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 05:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: anaerobic digestion; continuous stirred tank reactor; mesophilic; abattoir; process stability; economic assessment
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090409 Wastewater Treatment Processes
09 Engineering > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850501 Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960912 Urban and Industrial Water Management
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2019.103077
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/36564

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