Modeling, analysis, and testing of viscoelastic properties of shape memory polymer composites and a brief review of their space engineering applications

Al Azzawi, Wessam and Herath, Madhubhashitha ORCID: and Epaarachchi, Jayantha (2019) Modeling, analysis, and testing of viscoelastic properties of shape memory polymer composites and a brief review of their space engineering applications. In: Creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites, 2nd ed. Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering. Woodhead Publishing Limited, United Kingdom, pp. 465-495. ISBN 978-0-08-102601-4


Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are a novel class of active polymers that have a unique ability to undergo substantial shape deformation and subsequently recover their original shape when exposed to a particular external stimulus. The relatively low mechanical properties of SMPs are the main drawback that limits their use in engineering applications. However, when reinforced with fibers, SMPs become a smarter structural material that can be stimulated by an external stimulus. With the current increase of interest in space exploration, there has been a significant demand for lightweight and smart materials for space engineering applications. Shape memory polymer composites (SMPCs) are an obvious choice of materials for such applications. The implementation of SMPCs in space engineering applications requires rigorous optimization processes on the material properties and critical design procedures. The transformation of breakthrough SMPC technologies into real-life applications largely relies upon the robust analytical tools used for the initial design studies. In the past few years, many finite element models have been presented for the analysis of SMPCs. The vast majority of such tools required complicated user-defined material subroutines to be integrated with a standard finite element software package, which is incredibly difficult to implement. The subroutines are problem specific and troublesome for a wider range of potential engineering applications. This chapter presents a finite element simulation technique developed to model the thermomechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced SMPCs. Finite viscoelasticity was used to develop the technique, which is able to consider the nonlinear effect due to the large deformation. By using the experimental methods the proposed simulation technique has been validated. Furthermore, the competency of SMPCs for space engineering applications is discussed.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Institute for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences - Centre for Future Materials (1 Jan 2017 -)
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 04:45
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 23:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: shape memory polymers, composites, viscoelastic properties, finite element analysis, space engineering
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090103 Aerospace Structures
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091205 Functional Materials
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4001 Aerospace engineering > 400102 Aerospace structures
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401602 Composite and hybrid materials
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401605 Functional materials
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