Development and evaluation of hybrid artificial neural network architectures for modeling spatio-temporal groundwater fluctuations in a complex aquifer system

Roshni, Thendiyath and Jha, Madan K. and Deo, Ravinesh C. and Vandana, A. (2019) Development and evaluation of hybrid artificial neural network architectures for modeling spatio-temporal groundwater fluctuations in a complex aquifer system. Water Resources Management. ISSN 0920-4741


The proper design, development, and appropriate tuning of the Hybrid Neural Network architecture, mainly for its parsimoniousity and optimal training can help practitioners to generate a robust predictive tool for modeling several important hydrological processes within the water resources sector. In this paper, the Feedforward Artificial Neural Network (FFANN) and the hybrid WANN model have been developed, and later, coupled with the Gamma and M-tests (GT) approach for forecasting spatio-temporal groundwater fluctuations in a complex alluvial aquifer system. The performance of these hybrid models were evaluated using goodness-of-fit criteria. An analysis of the modeling results indicates that the GT coupled with the WANN model was able to provide significantly improved results, with lower values of the root mean square error (RMSE) and higher values of the NSE metric for the 1-week and 3-week lead times. Hence, utilizing this hybrid model, the groundwater level prediction tests were extended for 6-week and 12-week lead times with the GT approach, coupled with the WANN hybrid model only. The results showed that the accuracy of the GT-WANN hybrid model was better for the unconfined aquifer system compared to the leaky confined aquifer system. Furthermore, the present study also examined the interdependence between different model inputs and output variables for the selected study sites by means of the Wavelet Coherent Analysis (WCA). These results indicated that all the model’s input variables have a significant effect on the groundwater level of unconfined aquifers, and confirmed the nature of the aquifers tapped within the present study sites. The study finally concludes that the GT-WANN approach can be a robust predictive tool for modeling spatio-temporal fluctuations of groundwater levels.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 18 April 2019. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version, in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 May 2019 02:39
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 05:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: groundwater flow modeling, gamma test, wavelet decomposition, hybrid neural network, wavelet coherence
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing > 080105 Expert Systems
01 Mathematical Sciences > 0103 Numerical and Computational Mathematics > 010399 Numerical and Computational Mathematics not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s11269-019-02253-4

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